Even if Slax is running from a read-only media such as CD/DVD, it still provides fully writable root filesystem (with changes stored in memory), allowing you to install additional software from online repository or other sources. Unless you are using Presistent changes, everything you install is kept in memory only and is lost after you reboot. The tools to add software to Slax as well as tools to make the changes permanent are described below.
Adding software with apt
Slax fully supports
apt command, which is a powerful command-line tool suitable
for tasks such as installation of new software packages or upgrading of existing ones. For example,
in order to install vlc video player, simply execute
apt install vlc and you are all set up,
Slax will download the requested package including all libraries and other dependencies which are necessary to run it.
If you are unsure what package name to install, you can search using
apt search your_keyword.
Keep in mind that apt will automatically download its database of available packages when you run it for the first time.
If your system is continuously running for several days, you may need to run
apt update manually from time to time to ensure the database is up to date.
Adding software manually
If you prefer to add software to Slax manually, you can do so by downloading and compiling source codes from the internet.
Just remember that in order to be able to compile source codes in Slax, you will need to
apt install build-essential,
which provides gcc compiler, make, and other tools necessary for that task. If you are downloading sources from github using
you may also need to
apt install git.
Making your changes permanent
If you are running Slax from a writable media, your changes are stored permanenly and there is no need for any further steps.
However, if your are running Slax from a read-only media such as CD/DVD, or if you selected to disable Persistent changes feature
during boot, there is still a way to save your changes by creating a module. At any point, when you have your desired applications
installed and configured, use
savechanges command to save all modifications made to the current system into a module.
The command requires one parameter, which is a path to file where the changes will be saved. So for example, use
/tmp/mychanges.sb. All modifications you made to the system will be stored, except of some predefined files and directories
such as temporary files, caches, and so on.
Once your changes are stored in a module, all you need is to include this module in your Slax and it will be
automatically activated during boot. Copy the .sb module to
/slax/modules/ directory and reboot. If you are
running Slax from a writable media such as USB drive, you can copy the module directly to
which is already mapped to your USB disk. If you are running Slax from a read-only media such as CD/DVD, you may need to re-generate
the ISO image by using
If you wish to examine the contents of your module or modify files in it, you can use two commands available in Slax:
sb2dir to convert your module into a directory, and then
dir2sb to convert it back into a .sb file. Important
thing to keep in mind is that a module converted into a directory is stored in memory (technically the directory is overmounted with tmpfs),
so you may find it impossible to remove that directory with rmdir, even if empty (you will get EBUSY error). Use
command to remove the directory created by sb2dir.
Note that these commands worked a bit differently in older Slax versions, so make sure you are using Slax 9.6.4 or newer.
To recap, here are the commands we just learned
|to search for available package by keyword|
|to download and install package|
|to save all filesystem modifications made during current session into a module file|
|to convert a .sb module into a directory|
|to convert a directory into .sb module|
|to erase directory created by sb2dir|
|to generate Slax iso file with new modules|
Example: make module with new wallpaper
# Slax uses wallpaper from /usr/share/wallpapers/slax_wallpeper.jpg # So we are going to replace this file # First, create a temporary module tree # Note that the directory itself has .sb extension DIR=/tmp/module.sb mkdir $DIR mkdir -p $DIR/usr/share/wallpapers/ # Now copy wallpaper file to that directory cat new_wallpaper.jpg > $DIR/usr/share/wallpapers/slax_wallpaper.jpg # Finally, convert the module directory to a file # The directory will be erased and module file with the same name will be created dir2sb $DIR
Example: add FireFox to Slax
# First, we boot fresh Slax and try apt apt install firefox # As you can see, there is no package called 'firefox'. Lets try to search for the word apt search firefox | more # Ah, now we get something. The package is called firefox-esr. So lets install it apt install firefox-esr # We want it called just Firefox, so lets edit the desktop file responsible for the name sed -i -r "s/^Name=FireFox ESR/Name=Firefox/" /usr/share/applications/firefox-esr.desktop # Now save the newly installed software including our changes to a module # In our example, the module will be saved in current directory savechanges firefox.sb # If we are running from readonly CD, we can create a new ISO with our module # Then just burn the ISO to new CD and Firefox will be available when you boot it # In our example, the ISO file will be created in current directory genslaxiso slax.iso firefox.sb # If we are running Slax from USB drive, we can put it directly to modules folder # and that's it, firefox will be available after reboot mv firefox.sb /run/initramfs/memory/data/slax/modules/